Prog Neurobiol. 2019 Dec 18:101729. doi: 10.1016/j.pneurobio.2019.101729
A multi-faceted genotoxic network of alpha-synuclein in the nucleus and mitochondria of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson’s disease: Emerging concepts and challenges.
Vasquez V, Mitra J, Wang H, Hegde PM, Rao KS, Hegde ML.
α-Synuclein is a hallmark amyloidogenic protein component of the Lewy bodies (LBs) that are found in dopaminergic neurons
affected by Parkinson’s disease (PD). Despite an enormous increase in emerging knowledge, the mechanism(s) of α-synuclein neurobiology and crosstalk among pathological events that are critical for PD progression remains enigmatic, creating a roadblock for effective intervention strategies. One confounding question is about the potential link between α-synuclein toxicity and genome instability in PD. We previously reported that pro-oxidant metal ions, together with reactive oxygen species (ROS), act as a “double whammy” in dopaminergic neurons by not only inducing genome damage but also inhibiting their repair. Our recent studies identified a direct role for chromatin-bound, oxidized α-synuclein in the induction of DNA strand breaks, which raised the question of a paradoxical role for α-synuclein’s DNA binding in neuroprotection versus neurotoxicity. Furthermore, recent advances in our understanding of α-synuclein mediated mitochondrial dysfunction, warrants revisiting the topics of α-synuclein pathophysiology in order to devise and assess the efficacy of α-synuclein-targeted interventions. In this review article, we discuss the multi-faceted neurotoxic role of α-synuclein in the nucleus and mitochondria with a particular emphasis on the role of α-synuclein in DNA damage/repair defects. We utilized a protein-DNA binding simulation to identify potential residues in α-synuclein that could mediate its binding to DNA and may be critical for its genotoxic functions. We also discuss the crosstalk of α-synuclein toxicity with the RNA binding protein, TDP-43. These emerging insights and paradigms may guide new drug targets and therapeutic modalities..
Tel: (507) 5170700 - Fax: (507) 5070020 - EFax: (507) 5170701 | INDICASAT - AIP | Edificio 219, Ciudad del Saber | Clayton, Apartado 0843-01103 | Panamá 5 Panamá, Rep. de Panamá.
© Copyright 2014. INDICASAT AIP. Todos los derechos reservados.